What Is Lamps Made Out Of?
- The REWASHLAMP Project: Recycled Plastic Lamps
- Drop-in Replacements for Indoor LED Lamp Systems
- The First Fluorescent Lamp
- The Waxed Lamp
- How to make a Lava Lamp
- BS EN 60598-1 and EU Energy Labelling for Portable Lighting
- The paper mill
- Lamps in Ancient Greece
- Tiffany Lamps and Forgeries
- The translucent amber sheen of golden glass
You can turn any object into a lamp with a little knowledge and a lamp kit from a local store. It is easy to make a lamp fixture. You're on your way when you have a plug, cord and light sockets kit.
It is satisfying to make a room accessory by adding decorative items. If you can drill a hole through a piece of wood and make a sturdy base, you have a beautiful lamp. Wood is an easy material to drill for a lamp base.
You can use wood to make a lamp. Attach the piece to a flat surface so it won't tip over, or create a flat surface for the base, if you must. One of the most common lamp bases is ceramic, whether it's raw clay pottery or a finished glazed piece.
You can use a pot, vase or sculpture for a base. Anything of interest that can be weighed down and stable at the base can be turned into a light fixture. Glass vessels have a variety of lamp bases.
The glass base is fun because you can fill it with decorative treasures and paint it any color you want. The only caution is to make sure you have a glass or ceramic bit to drill the piece for the lamp kit. The easiest lamp project you can do is create a lamp out of a basket.
The REWASHLAMP Project: Recycled Plastic Lamps
Portuguese designer To Martins has created lamps out of washing machine parts as part of the REWASHLAMP Project. The shade is made from the inner barrels of machines and rests on a base that is actually a tripod. The tripod is adjusted so that it is in the correct position.
The creation of designer Paulina Rozalia Wiklo is an installation lamp. It uses a material used to manufacture bottles. The lamp's trunk and spine are made from recycled plastic, which is 100 percent recyclable.
It is cheap and practical to recycle the material from the PET that becomes polar fleece and fiber for the production of polyester products. Lisa Fu and Su Sim have created recycled plastic lamps. The lamps are titled in view of their shapes, which range from a fish to a reptile.
Drop-in Replacements for Indoor LED Lamp Systems
Drop-in replacements for fluorescent and incandescent lamps are available. Multiple LED packages can be used for improved light dispersal, heat dissipation, and overall cost. The light output in lumens, the power consumption in watt, the color temperature in kelvin, and the operating temperature range are some of the information that can be found on the retail lamp packaging.
The lifetime and performance of the lamp are ensured by the use of the drivers. Dimming and remote control are features that a driver can provide. The lamp enclosure may have the same lamp enclosure as the diode array.
The AC line current regulations may require additional components. High temperature of the LEDs can cause failure. Since there is no electric arcs or tungsten-based materials in the lamps, they can still cause burns.
Increased temperature will cause more current, more heating, and more current to be sent to the device until it fails, so it's important to keep the junction temperature close to the ambient temperature. The heat produced by the LEDs is concentrated in a very small die, which must be cooled. The heat sinks and cooling fins are included in the lamps.
The First Fluorescent Lamp
Why does electricity flow through the gas? In a solid metal wire, electrons jump from atom to atom. There are free electrons in a gas that jump from the negative to the positive side.
You have ion moving as well. Magnetic ballasts use transformers to convert and control electricity. The most important thing is that the limits current, because the ballast uses the complex property of induction.
The magnetic ballast is less powerful than electronic one and can fail and cause hot tar. Tar is used to insulate the transformer. The PCB inside the old fixture is a small amount.
Arsenic and phenol are found in electronic ballasts. The electronic ballasts use a technology called Semiconductor to limit the power of the fluorescent lamp. The AC power is rectified first by the ballast, then it chops it to make a high Frequency.
The magnetic ballast has a number of problems, but the ballast can more precisely control power. George Inman, Richard Thayer, Eugene Lemmers, and Willard A. Roberts were involved in the development of the first fluorescent lamp. Their lamp is reliable, stable, and has a design that has not changed much in 78 years.
The Waxed Lamp
The wax on the lamp is slightly denser than the water, and will rest on the lamp when it is turned off. The wax will expand lose density when the light bulb at the base of the lamp is turned on. It will fall back down to the bottom until you pull the plug, because it has cooled, contracted, and begun to fall back down to the bottom when it reaches the top.
How to make a Lava Lamp
The guys at OozingGoo did a good job of figuring it out, despite being a trade secret. They explained how you could create your own lava lamp if you had the patience and the materials.
BS EN 60598-1 and EU Energy Labelling for Portable Lighting
If the electrical equipment complies with a European standard, it is automatically taken to be safe, even if manufacturers choose another solution to demonstrate compliance. BS EN 60598 is the main standard for lighting equipment. The standard has two parts.
The general safety, construction, marking, wiring and testing requirements are covered in 60598-1. The second part of 60598-2 has a series of standards with requirements for lighting types and applications. The product standard you are using will specify the details of any electrical testing you need to do.
The electrical tests and corresponding limits are shown below if you are using BS EN 60598-1 for portable luminaires. For most small scale makers, attending a PAT course is a good way to learn the basic test procedures that can be applied to production testing. EU energy labelling requirements require that lighting products have an energy label that shows their energy efficiency.
The label should include the company name, model, energy efficiency of the lamp and weighted energy consumption per 1,000 hours. There is a chance that one of your products could cause damage to a third party. Product liability insurance is not a requirement, but it does cover you against claims made against your business.
The paper mill
The Chinese first removed the bark from the logs. The large cylinders of wood were diced into small chips. The chips were dissolved and cooked in water to form a liquid.
The wood was cleaned and cooked to remove its robust attributes. The vessel was rectangular and held the pulp. The pulp is ready to be washed.
The paper machine is the heart of a paper mill and is used to eliminate the water. The paper machine is a collection of machines that perform a variety of tasks. The dried pulp gushes through narrow spaces between the rotating wires and belts.
The belts carry the water away, while the increased pressure and temperature ensure that a sheet of paper rolls out from the other end. The paper is carefully reviewed by experts who will send it for further refining to eliminate any inconsistencies that might have been missed in the previous processes. The rolls of paper can run up to 80 km in length and 9m in width.
A single roll can weigh 120 tons. That is a lot of paper. The paper is divided into smaller lengths, which are loaded with boxes to be sold in the market.
Lamps in Ancient Greece
Around 70,000 BC, the first lamp was invented. moss or similar material was soaked with animal fat and then set alight by a fire. Humans began to mimic the natural shapes with objects.
The rate of burning was controlled by wacks. The Greeks began making lamps around the 7th century BC. The central burner was a major improvement in lamp design.
The fuel source was tightly enclosed in metal and an metal tube was used to control the intensity of the light. Small glass chimneys were added to lamps to protect the flame and control the flow of air to the flame. The principle of using an oil lamp with a hollow circular wick surrounded by a glass chimney was developed by Ami Argand, a Swiss chemist.
Friedrich Meyer, Hans Spanner, and Edmund Germer patented a fluorescent lamp. fluorescent bulbs are coated on the inside to increase efficiency, which is a difference between mercury vapor and fluorescent lamps. The first time that beryllium was used as a coating, it was too toxic to use.
Tiffany Lamps and Forgeries
It is common to find imitations. The Tiffany lamp style was mimicked by several companies in the 1920s. In the past 40 years, forgeries have hit the market that can fool experts and collectors.
Tiffany made its lamps with a bronze base. Tesdell says that there were no wood, plastic, brass or zinc bases. Art pottery bases are very rare.
One of the things that is confetti glass is the many colors of the specks. The lamp changes the color of the glass. Tiffany Studios usually made its lamps with a turn- paddle knob sockets.
A pull chain was used to make a smaller number. General Electric, Bryant and Perkins were the companies that made the sockets. A change in a sockets value could be significant.
Tiffany lamps can have a turn switch at the base. The lead filling was done. Tiffany Studios made their hollow bases because of the high cost of bronze.
The translucent amber sheen of golden glass
There are 9. Golden glass pieces should have a translucent amber sheen to them. A pale, translucent gold color, or even a green tint, is a sign of fakery, as is a silver sheen on other glass colors.